Ghetto Palms 90: New Styles / Shangaan Electro / South Africa Road Epic!

You may have noticed over the past few weeks that I have been repping the Africa 2010 theme hard lately. So when Wills Glasspiegel—an Afropop Worldwide producer who also oversaw The Very Best’s Warm Heart of Africa release for Green Owl—told me that he was embarking on an epic road trip with our mutual dog Tshepang Ramoba of the BLK JKS to dig up examples of a previously unheard of electronic genre, I immediately got at him about an exclusive. What he brought back far exceeded my expectations.

Electrified Shangaan music is shockingly fast, yet weirdly meditative. Quadruple-time tempos alternate with one-drop chord changes and slippery shifts of emphasis. It is so sped up that sometimes the individual beats blur into more of a vibration than a rhythm and it gets somehow atmospheric. This makes it extremely DJ-friendly in the sense that it’s almost impossible to find a beat that doesn’t blend, even potential trainwrecks become Steve Reich-ian phase poems. The main tropes seem to be helium voices, “Nude Photo”-like synths and frenetic clown-costume dance routines. But there are more traditional South African melodic elements that ensure it will not be totally alien to people who’ve heard the “Indestructible Beat of Soweto” or the lush melodies of Ladysmith Black Mambazo—just 99% alien.

Anyway, not only did Wills come with a cache of raw, brilliant music from which I constructed this week’s blend but also photos, videos and war stories. It’s all laid out below in what I believe to be a wholly original piece of Ghetto Palms scholarship.

GP90 Shangaan electro blend:

H.R. Baloyi, “Always”
Unknown artist, “Vomaseve?”
Nozinja Productions, “Nwa Mdungazi”
Nozinja Productions, “Kulungwani”
Nozinja Productions, “Tshemba”
Unknown artist, “Track 6”
Nozinja Prodictions “Nwa Pfundla”

GP90 Shangaan Electro blend

A MAN CALLED DOG: The hunt for Shangaan electro by Wills Glasspiegel
Last year at SXSW, I made quick friends with South African rockers BLK JKS, cooking pap and spinning Lijadu Sisters on the stereo at the Green Owl Ranch where we were all staying. A few months later, Janka Nabay (I’m his manager) opened for them in New York. After the show, Tshepang Ramoba, the drummer from BLK JKS, tipped me off to the style he calls “Shangaan electro,” which sounded to my ears exactly like a South African version of Janka’s bubu music.

Before the year was out, I was on a plane to Johannesburg. The plan was to hang with the JKS and track down Shangaan music to license for a digital and vinyl release in the U.S. We agreed to hunt for the music together and Tshepang hosted me on his couch while were on the case. Our first stop was a studio in a squatter camp outside Johannesburg. A retired policeman was in charge…kind of. His place was a mess, cloistered into one tiny corner of a half-constructed floor over a tavern. We scoured a few old PCs and found a bit of what we were hoping to find, but the music was disorganized, the ex-cop unreliable. Tshepang and I decided to keep looking for another source.

Our next stop was nine hours north of Jo’burg in a small town called Malamolele. After visiting Tshepang’s family in Limpopo, we rolled into town on a sunny December afternoon, Shangaan jams blasting from every car and shop we passed—Malamolele was like the Kingston or Havana of Shangaan. The main goal of the trek was to find George Maluleke, the godfather of the style, who still plays live with a band—his sons are his dancers, his four wives sing backup. We asked the gas station attendant if he’d heard of him. “Are you serious?” he asked. “Everyone knows that guy.”

Indeed, Mr. Maluleke was a big man in Malamolele. We phoned him and were instructed to meet him by “his parking spot” in front of the local grocery—apparently we could just ask anyone where his spot was. We did just that and moments later were shaking hands with the man himself. Mr. Maluleke is a straight-up guy with a religious star (Zion Christian Church style) on his front pocket. Musically, his style celebrates rural, traditional, porch-front Africa. He told us he had property outside the city and invited us back to his home.

After a few cold Cokes in one of his rondavel huts, we soon realized that releasing George Maluleke’s music in the U.S. (one of our goals for the project) wasn’t going to work. It turned out that his sound wasn’t exactly what we were looking for—no sampled vocals, no midi keyboards, no found sounds. In short all Shangaan, no electro. We left with plenty of mangos (served by his daughter in the traditional style, on her knees, no eye contact), and a bag of masonja (dried mapani worms), but no 50/50 license. I dug the worms—Tshepang cooked them spicy – but I was starting to get anxious about finding the Shangaan music. Friends in SA kept asking how the quest was going and 2010 was almost upon us.

In early January, Tshepang and I finally struck gold at a city-center record shop. We found a DVD for sale by the group, TsheTsha boys—the same group we’d watched on youtube months before in Brooklyn—and there was a phone number on the back. A man called Dog answered our call. He seemed interested in our project and invited us to his home studio in Soweto.


Dog is a large man with a large smile. He’s got a lot to be happy about – a pretty new wife (his first, I believe), a BMW and Mercedes in his driveway and a collection of golden music awards (South African Grammys). Dog is a certified hitmaker and cassette player. Recording in a studio just behind his kitchen, he was the first producer to electrify Shangaan music in the early 2000s, the first to add samples, the first to play with midi keyboards, first to make music videos. In the two weeks before we arrived, he’d sold 20,000 units of the song, “Nsati Wa Mina”—on cassette. (Video below. “Nsati Wa Mina” means “My Wife,”–and yes, that’s a golf course in the title screen).

Dog’s music is hyper-local—made by and for the Shangaan people who live between Johannesburg and Limpopo. Shangaan people (also called Tsonga) are some of the most marginalized people in South Africa. Plenty of South Africans scoff at these shimmering electro gems, if they’ve heard them at all. Dog has never received attention for his music from people outside the Shangaan community. There’s no Wikipedia entry on him. He hadn’t even seen the youtubes until we pulled them up on his computer (“450,000 hits” he said in awe. “What if those were sales?”) but for us (for Radioclit, for Dutty Artz, and others) Shangaan electro is on par with anything coming out of Brooklyn, or Luanda.

Tshepang and I plan to release some Shangaan electro in the next few months, and to drop remixes before the BLK JKS play the National Stadium this summer at the World Cup. Stay tuned, and thanks to Eddie for opening up this space to us.  -Wills Glasspiegel

Note: Wills is currently in Kenya making field recordings for the Dig For Fire TV production company. You can find more of his work on his Outside Music blog.

POSTED February 24, 2010 12:38PM IN GHETTO PALMS Comments (12) TAGS: , ,




  1. Sammystyles says:

    A revelation!

    The world ain’t so small after all. There are so many different forms of getting down, and I thank you for your dedication in bringing some of them home to taste.

  2. Sean says:

    Did you need to objectify the music as “a previously unheard of electronic genre.” Maybe to Fader blog readers. Hearing this stuff is fairly commonplace in the Limpopo province of SA and the more commercial variants gets played on radio.

  3. Eddie STATS says:

    point taken–i should have worded this to reflect the fact that the FADER blog has a more global audience than the print mag, which i’m pretty sure is not available in Limpopo province. I certainly did not mean to exclude any shangaan readers from the conversation but on the other hand i don’t think it is objectifying to say this genre is unheard-of outside it’s local market because a) i’m a dude who actively seeks out stuff like this and it’s the first i’ve heard of it and b) from conversations with people in Jozi it’s not even on the radar of the average S. African.

    In fact, the Ghetto Palms readership is an incredibly clued-in niche of the already clued-in niche of the FADER blog readership…as i was reminded recently the regular workaday world is full of mfs who have not even heard of !REGGAETON! 5 yrs after “Gasolina” went on global brainwash rotation and those are the people who truly need me :)

  4. Sean says:

    Hi Eddie,

    A bit rude there from me.

    I should have used all the qualifiers: like that you have done a great job of showcasing African music. Respect.

    As for regular MF’s: I’m assuming they did not see Yankee’s Oscar performance in Talento de Barrio.

    – Sean

  5. Eddie STATS says:

    sean / thx. i forgive u. (but no seriously, you raised a good pt)

    re: Yankee, no the regular mf i am thinking of (who was presenting on advertising to the latino market!!) not only missed the oscar tings but also apparently did not walk past a radio btwn 2005-7. just saying, if you spend time in blog-world its easy to forget how great the physical and cultural distances still are sometimes. Forget daddy yankee. midtown manhattan just discovered Fela!

    cheers // eddie

  6. MikeM says:

    Expect the best from these dudes here! Great piece, great music. BIG UP!

  7. Excellent article, and glad to see others are catching on to the Tsonga/ Shangaan disco/ electro sound. I first discovered it about 18 months ago and have been captivated ever since. So much so I started a blog of my own mainly so I could start getting the message out. If you are interested here is a selection from a few months back (but there is plenty more up there, alongside more run of the mill stuff):

    If it is electro you like Madlaks will probably be most to your taste, the rest is more disco, but I would recommend it all.

    I hope you succeed in getting Tsonga music a wider release, and keep up the good work.

  8. Milli says:

    OMG this is fantastic. I’ve always known about this music but unfortunately have never looked at it out of its context I grew up watching the shikisha type songs on TV but never thought they were this cool. Haven’t seen this in years. I saw a video on the Tshe Tsha boys, which is what led me to this entry. Do you have Dog’s number? I would like to do a story on him. Thanks, Milli

  9. Eddie STATS says:

    @Milli: I don’t have any info for Dog myself but I can put you in touch with Wills (who did all the reporting on this post) if you hit me up via email at:

    cheers // Eddie

  10. dog or nozinja says:

    hi guys,im dog i had u were lookong for numbers. +27727485012 .hope to here from u the composer and producer of these bmusic and dvds or washing. thanx.

  11. norient says:

    Check out the lastest about Shangaan Electro, Tsonga Disco and George Malukele on

    In German Language!

  12. lovely piece will and great work. thank you.