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How To Run A Record Label

According to 10 artists going it alone, from Janelle Monae to Dre Skull.

How To Run A Record Label

Janet Jackson recently announced that she will release her first new material in seven years on her own brand new BMG imprint, Rhythm Nation. In the ‘90s, Jackson was known for signing two multi-million dollar deals with major label Virgin that made her the highest paid artist of her day; the fact that in 2015 she would choose to self-release on her own label could be seen as a sign of the times. Today, with plummeting record sales, the increased importance of streaming, and the relative ease with which anyone can self-promote and distribute online, it seems every other artist is announcing their own record label. And it’s not just Soundcloud hustlers: across the spectrum, experimental pop star Janelle Monae is backing Jidenna’s classic stylings on Wondaland Records; New York underground rapper and performance artist Mykki Blanco is shedding a light on a little-known scene with Dogfood Music Group, and breakthrough London MC Little Simz is eschewing the traditional industry route to release her debut album on her own imprint AGE 101. If you’re an artist considering putting out your music without—as Atlanta rapper Father of Awful Records once saidsigning a 360 deal with a white man, take in this wisdom from 10 artists who’ve been down that road themselves.

Know your core values
How To Run A Record Label Photo by Jason Kempin/Getty Images

JANELLE MONAE [WONDALAND]: Write down your core values. Why do you want to start a label? Is it for just for your own gain or truly to help enrich the lives of others through music and art? One of my core values is to make my community in Kansas and young girls proud by putting out quality music and art that will inspire them to embrace the things that make them unique, even if it makes others uncomfortable.

Be ready to adapt as quickly as the industry does
How To Run A Record Label Photo by Tony Lowe

DRE SKULL [MIXPAK]: Mixpak is in its sixth year now. When we started, streaming was not really a part of the business at all. So much changes all the time; no matter how much you know, you’re gonna have to always be thinking about what’s changing. When we started, YouTube was there, but we never realized it would become an important way of reaching fans. It turned out that that became a powerful way to reach dancehall fans in particular. With that, and Spotify and Apple Music and streaming platforms, it’s like another chapter is opening right now for the business. So you have to be very open. Be willing to try things and see what works. As long as you’re staying committed and excited about the music you’re making, it’s a great era to reach people.

Fake it until you make it
How To Run A Record Label Photo courtesy of PR

LITTLE BOOTS [ON REPEAT]: When I started out, I was quite naive; I didn’t really understand the label system or how it worked. I have a few friends who run indie labels, so I copied them and asked a lot of questions. My friend who runs On Repeat with me, we just dreamt [the label] up on the back of a tour bus in Texas, and didn’t really know what we were doing. We just went into these big meetings with distributors, in ridiculous ‘80s power blazers, and faked it until we made it. This industry changes so quickly, no one knows what they’re doing—you’ve just got to sound like you do. You learn on the job, and before you know what you’re doing, you’re putting albums out internationally. This new album I’ve done is called Working Girl, and it’s very much about this boss character I pretend I am. If you actually go out and pretend to be what you want to be, you start achieving things you didn’t really believe you could.

But remember it's okay to ask for help
How To Run A Record Label Michael Loccisano/Getty Images

MEREDITH GRAVES [HONOR PRESS]: It’s totally okay to ask for help. I was so scared that if I couldn't do everything on my own, that people would think I was ignorant, incapable, not cut out to be a label director. I realized quickly that there's a reason labels have different people working on finances, press, project management, etc. It's very hard for one person to do everything when you're operating at any level bigger than "bedroom." I also never took into account that my friends might want to help me! They're my biggest cheerleaders and they're excited about the bands I'm working with.

Because no one can do it alone
How To Run A Record Label Photo by Kate Killet

RYAN HEMSWORTH [SECRET SONGS]: The most important thing I’ve learned is to involve other people. I find the artists and take care of everything I can, but my friends Teo Zamudio and Eric Redmond help fill all the other important roles. Creating videos for every social media, uploading, creating the art, all the little things that make releases seem fully formed—this requires a team no matter how small or big. And start using a calendar.

Be responsible: it’ll make you a better businessperson and a better artist
How To Run A Record Label Dogfood Music Group artists Violence (Palmtrees Smith), Psychoegyptian (Devin Cuthbertson), Yves Tumor (Sean Bowie), and Mykki Blanco

MYKKI BLANCO [DOG FOOD MUSIC GROUP]: There have been times when I’ve been very stressed out, but it’s never negative. What it is, it’s responsibility. I honestly do not think responsibility is a bad thing. Being responsible and being accountable are two of the key ingredients to what is going to make anyone successful. Like, I’ve had two web designers flake. And I move around every couple of weeks, so having this designer flake on you, it’s insanely troubling. It’s like, "okay, I just met you in New York, I had a three hour meeting with you. But now, you’ve now flaked—now I’m in LA, and now I’m about to be in Paris." It’s about learning how to navigate this process with a clear head. Knowing that you’re the one that has to get this done, that has to facilitate it, it’s good, because it makes you a stronger business person. And that’s going to strengthen my solo career.

But don't sweat the small stuff
How To Run A Record Label Photo courtesy of Little Simz

LITTLE SIMZ [AGE 101]: The last thing you should worry about is the [label] name. For a long time I was trying to force a name, but I don’t think you can do that; it just has to be organic. It will just fall out of the sky. That’s the least of your worries. Try focusing on what you want your label to be about, and what you want to try and do differently. You need to think outside the box. [Running the label has] made me feel like nothing’s too far-fetched. If I can create a label and be doing this at 21, there’s endless possibilities, I can do whatever I want. There’s no limits.

Open doors for others

JANELLE MONAE [WONDALAND]: In addition to wanting to help the careers of artists I believe in, I was inspired to start Wondaland Records after seeing there was a big absence of female entrepreneurs in the music industry. I’ve always been inspired to do more than just be an artist in the industry, and treasured businesswomen such as Julie Greenwald and Sylvia Rhone, and admired artists such as Madonna and what she did with Maverick Records. I hope to shape culture and open up more doors for not just women of color but women globally who have big ideas and vision.

And always punch above your weight

DRE SKULL [MIXPAK]: Because of the time we’re operating in, and the power of the internet, the vision was to see if we could grow to a place where we could put out projects that could compete with any other label. Which is to say, we could support an artist, and put them on a platform which is very powerful. The phrase is “punching above your weight.” Try to be doing things above your level. With an artist like Popcaan—obviously he’s a very big artist [Popcaan had a hit with Vybz Kartel, and was featured on tracks by Pusha T and Kanye West before signing to Mixpak in 2014.] But in a way, it’s like whether he’s with Mixpak or a major label, there wouldn’t be a difference, in terms of where he can go. And yet we’re a small company and we’re putting a lot of care into that project.

Do it for the collective, not for yourself

AÏSHA DEVI [DANSE NOIRE]: I had this romantic vision of a collective platform, where artists [are] free of genre. The compulsion should be collectiveness and not an ego thing. We are four [people] working on the label; the cohesive dynamic is huge, that is very much part of the Danse Noire identity, a communion. Extend a family, transgress hierarchy, and use independent platforms such as Bandcamp.

But keep some time for your own projects
How To Run A Record Label Photo by Erez Avissar

LAMIN FOFANA [SCI-FI & FANTASY]: I wish someone had told me how difficult it was going to be negotiating the various roles you have to play. The last few years I've had to put my own music on hold so I can focus on other people's. It's been tough balancing time. My label partner Paul Lee and I both lead busy lives and we run out of bandwidth. Moving forward I've decided to focus a bit more on myself. I have a lot of music and ideas to complete in the next several months or I'll go mental. Releases on the label are going to slow down, but that's okay.

And ultimately, learn to love your business like you love your craft

DAWN RICHARD [OUR DAWN ENTERTAINMENT]: There is so much more to business besides just being talented. The money that needs to go into radio so you can get into the Top 10 is a whole other ball game. To be able to get on TV shows, you’ve got to have a booker, or an agent. You’re going to need financial backing, because of the amount of money it takes to get your business off the ground—that doesn’t change whether you’re a bakery, a law firm or an artist. It’s all the same. Treat it as such. You’re building a business. That’s something I did not know. I thought if I just sang real good, that was the business. That’s not reality. Really, you’ve got to be two things at once—well, 175 things at once. I have to work on my craft, and then I have to work on my business, and I have to do that every day. I have to schedule it, get the money for it, bank it, and then deliver vocally, every time. But it’s fucking worth it.

How To Run A Record Label